Tabriz is the largest, most important city in western Iran and is the fifth largest city in Iran. The name Tabriz refers to the beauties of this city: “Tabriz” means a place where “fever” (Tab) and “sickness” fall(Riz) and good health is restored. Tabriz’s history dates back to at least 3000 BC and the Iron Age. The Iron Age Museum of Tabriz provides evidence of this claim.
“Tabriz” has been the gateway to the most significant events in Iran during the last 400 years and has played a vital role in Iranian culture and politics since the Safavid era. The most important historical events in Tabriz include the emergence of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century AD which led to the formation of a united Iran under one flag, one language and one religion on the one hand and then the Constitutional Revolution which was initiated by a group of Iranian intellectuals in Tabriz and then spread throughout Iran. The “Constitutional Revolution” was the beginning of modern Western thought in Iran about 120 years ago, and it might be argued that it is a revolution which continues today.
Political and social issues are not the only important elements of Tabriz. Tabriz is one of Iran’s economic hubs, a leading city in industry, agriculture, mining, arts and culture and handicrafts. Tabriz and a leading medical Centre, which covers the entire northwestern region of the country.
Tabriz is especially famous for its silk carpets – regarded by many as the best in the world and, as a home of one of the 5 culinary schools in Iran, for its unique cuisine .
Tabriz is also a city of religious tolerance and is home to a large number of Iranian Christians and Armenians. The large number of churches around Tabriz, (including the most important of them, the Church of St. Stephen) exemplifies the era of coexistence and friendship between Muslims and Christians in Tabriz.
The Tabriz Bazaar and St. Stephen’s Church, (both UNESCO World Heritage Sites), are the most important historical monuments in Tabriz. Others include the Blue Mosque, the Jameh Mosque, the Il-Goli Garden, the Constitutional House, the Behnam House, the Qadaki House, the Ganjehizadeh House, the Tabriz Citadel and the Tomb of the Poets..
When traveling to Tabriz, be sure to dedicate a day to visit the rocky village of Kandovan. This village is located 60 km southwest of Tabriz and it is recommended that you overnight stay at the 5-star Laleh Kandovan Hotel.
The most important character of Tabriz is “Shams Tabrizi” who was the inspiration and mentor of “Jalaluddin Mohammad Balkhi Rumi”.