Sheikh Safi al-Din KhÄ?negÄ?h and Shrine Ensemble is the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili located in Ardabil , Iran . In 2010 , it was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List .
Sheikh Safi , an eminent leader of an Islamic Sufi order established by the Safavids , was born in Ardabil where this complex is located . The Safavids valued the tomb-mosque form , and the tomb with its mausoleum and prayer hall is located at a right angle to the mosque . The buildings in the complex surround a small inner courtyard (31 by 16 meters) . The complex is entered through a long garden .
The Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi , in Ardabil , was first built by his son Sheikh Sadr al-DÄ«n MÅ«sÄ? , after Sheikh Safi’s death in 1334 . It was constructed between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of the 18th century . The mausoleum , a tall , domed circular tower decorated with blue tile and about 17 meters in height ; beside it is the 17th-century Porcelain House preserving the sanctuary's ceremonial wares . Also part of the complex are many sections that have served a variety of functions over the past centuries , including a library , a mosque , a school , mausolea , a cistern , a hospital , kitchens , a bakery , and some offices . It incorporates a route to reach the shrine of the sheikh divided into seven segments , which mirror the seven stages of Sufi mysticism . Various parts of the mausoleum are separated by eight gates , which represent the eight attitudes of Sufism .
Several parts were gradually added to the main structure during the Safavid dynasty. A number of Safavid sheikhs and harems and victims of the Safavids’ battles , including the Battle of Chaldiran , have been buried at the site .